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Pistachio is an Iranian fruit; its trees are located in vast forests in northeastern parts of Iran. Pistachio trees are exported to other regions especially Mediterranean Sea (southern Europe and North Africa). Pistachio trees have 5m height, its leaves are composed of 2 to 3 sharp leaflet with terminal bract, that is light green and its leaves are clustered. Pistachio trees are resists against extreme cold weather of winter and heat of summer but are not compatible with humid air and land. The most important types of pistachio in Iran are: Akbari, Kale Gochi, Ahmad Aghaei, Owhadi, Badami-Zarand, momtaz’e khanjari’e Damghan and Shah Pasand. Pistachio is a rich source of copper, magnesium and types of vitamin B, that bolster the immune system of body and prevents many diseases. In addition consumption of pistachio helps to build red blood cells. Pistachio is one of the best sources of potassium to the extent that each pistachio nut contains potassium equal to an orange.